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04/02/2010 :: Pensamiento

[Libro] "Piel negra, máscaras blancas"

x Frantz Fanon
Primer libro del gran intelectual antillano, que sitúa a la raza, clase, lenguaje y cultura en el centro de problemas que abarcan la marginación y desigualdad social

Fanon, que nació en la isla de Martinica de padres negros, en la época en que ésta era una colonia francesa, publicó "Peau noire, masques blancs" en París, 1952. En este libro trata, a través de reminiscencias sobre su vida personal y utilizando métodos críticos derivados del psicoanálisis, de entender por qué los negros adoptan los valores de los subyugadores blancos y los resultados que eso produce, especialmente entre los subyugados. En sus palabras:

"Estamos tratando de entender por qué al negro de las Antillas le gusta tanto hablar francés".

La respuesta de Fanon sitúa a la raza, clase, cuerpo, lenguaje y cultura en el centro de problemas que abarcan la marginación y desigualdad social, el desprecio de si mismo, la inseguridad, el servilismo. Los subyugados tratan de superar su condición asumiendo el bagaje cultural de los subyugadores, especialmente el lenguaje (poniéndose las mascaras blancas del titulo) pero al hacer esto, absorben normas que son inherentemente discriminatorias y racistas; lo que a su vez lleva a sentimientos profundos de inseguridad e inferioridad. Aceptar el concepto del opresor de lo que los oprimidos son, es aceptar que se es salvaje, no completamente humano, inferior, etc.

J. P. Sartre comentó que el libro es "la negación de la negación del negro".

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DB

Config DB Username: lahaine
Config DB Database: lahaine
Config DB Host: localhost
Config DB tables prefix: lhevo_
Config DB connection charset: 
Current DB charset: utf8
DB queries: 34

Query #1: we do this in DEBUG mode only

SELECT VERSION()
Rows: 1 – Time: 0.0002s (3.25%)

Query #2: we do this in DEBUG mode only

SET sql_mode = "TRADITIONAL"
Rows: 0 – Time: 0.0001s (2.11%)

Query #3:

SELECT set_name, set_value
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Rows: 153 – Time: 0.0002s (2.48%)

Query #4: Loading plugin events

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Query #5:

SELECT loc_locale, loc_charset, loc_datefmt, loc_timefmt, loc_startofweek,
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Query #6:

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Query #7: Blog::get_by_url()

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Query #9: lh Item_get_by_ID content

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Query #15:

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SELECT DISTINCT post_ID, post_datestart, post_datemodified, post_title, post_url,
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SELECT cset_coll_ID, cset_name, cset_value
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Query #24:

SELECT cset_coll_ID, cset_name, cset_value
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Rows: 157 – Time: 0.0001s (2.17%)

Query #25:

SELECT cset_coll_ID, cset_name, cset_value
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Query #26:

SELECT cset_coll_ID, cset_name, cset_value
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Query #27:

SELECT cset_coll_ID, cset_name, cset_value
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Rows: 126 – Time: 0.0001s (1.75%)

Query #28:

SELECT *
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Query #29:

SELECT plug_ID, plug_priority, plug_classname, plug_code, plug_name, plug_shortdesc, plug_status, plug_version, plug_spam_weight
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Query #30:

SELECT pset_plug_ID, pset_name, pset_value
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Rows: 0 – Time: 0.0001s (1.13%)

Query #31:

SELECT pset_plug_ID, pset_name, pset_value
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Rows: 0 – Time: 0.0001s (0.89%)

Query #32:

SELECT post_tiny_slug
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Rows: 1 – Time: 0.0000s (0.63%)

Query #33:

UPDATE lhevo_estad
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Query #34:

UPDATE lhevo_estad
      SET contador = contador + 1
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Total rows: 1239
Measured time: 0.0065s
Profiled time: 0.0000s